We live in the age of science. So whether comes to our knowledge our scientific mind always want to explain them scientifically. Homoeopathy is not an exception. But a controversy revolves amidst the non- homoeopathic scientists and even among homoeopaths round the question as to whether Homoeopathy is a science or an art. According to this man of learning, anything that can be explained by materialistic science has nothing to do with science. These gentlemen seem to forget the very definition of science in general vis-a viis that of technical art, as given in different Dictionary.
According to Webster’s seventh New Collegiate Dictionary-
Science– A department of systematized knowledge as an object of study; knowledge of covering general truths or the operation of general law esp. as obtained and tested through scientific method.
Scientific method– Principles and producers for the systematic pursuit of knowledge involving the recognition and formulation of a problem, the collection of data through observation and experiment and the formulation and testing of hypotheses.
Art– Systematic application of knowledge of skill in effecting a desired result.
Relationship between science and Art- Science and Art are inseparably bound together. Every art has its foundation in science and every science finds its expression in art. Consciously or unconsciously the artist or the craft man at work is applying principles and laws, formulated and systematized knowledge of which constitutes science.
Homoeopathy, a Science– Like chemistry or physics, Homoeopathy is established under the
principles of the inductive method in science. It rests fundamentally upon some principles which are Similia, Simplex, Minimum dose, Drug- proving, Chronic disease, Potentization and Vital force. The formulation of each and every one of the principle is based on pure observation of facts and thoroughly rational inductions thereform and confirmed by myriads of subsequent experiments and experiences in accordance with strictly scientific method of yard sticks. These principles have also been tested clinically for about 175 years and their scientific validity has been conclusively demonstrated.
“Thereapeutics is that department of medical science that relates to the treatment of disease and the action of remedial agents on the human organism, both in health and disease”(Standard Dictionary).
Since it confirms to every requirement of the authoritatives definition of science, Homoeopathy has been defined as the Science of Therepeutics.
Recent experimental evidences in support of scientificity of homoeopathic principles-
- Mordern experiments show that human being gives off radiations which have been first photographed in Russia and U.S.A by using high frequency currents which is known as Kirlian photography. The pattern of this photograph differs from man to man in health as well as disease. Is it not the support of Hahnemannian theory of vital force and individualization?
- Recently R.R.Sharma, Associate professor and Head, Biophysics department, Post-graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh experimentally proved that potentized 30 C alloxan induced acute diabetes although the probility of finding one molecule of alloxan in the dose is about 1in1041. The 10030 fold simple dilution of alloxan exercises no curative action although the probability of finding a molecule of alloxan in the dose is same as far 30C alloxan.
- The use of ‘inert’substances used in Homoeopathy has occasionally been the object of ridicule. The crude sand has no effect on health but when the sand is grinded up very fine, it can have an effect L.U. Gardner reported in 1937 that the iohalation of fine particles of Silicia by Guineapigs or their injection in c lloidal form can cause serious and even lethal pathology. “Silicia can cause every type of cellular response found in tuberculosis. Miners breathing silicia dust are known, furthermore, to develop scleroderma, polyarthritis and involvement of lungs, heart and kidneys.
“In an experiment on 200 Guineapigs, systematic administration of table salt in a high dilution produced marked pathology in the test group, lowered weight and higher morbidity and mortality”.
The infinitesimal dose–
Since the early decades of the twentieth century homoeopathic investigators in Europe and the United States have sponsored a variety of physical, chemical, botanical, and biological experiments in an effort to demonstrate the existence of some medical power in those small doses.
(i) Bio-chemical investigation: In the early 1930’s V.M. Persson in Leningrand had investigated micro-dilutions (up to 120X) of mercuric chloride for their effect on fermentation of search by salivary amylase and on the lysis of fibrin by pepsin and trypsin, obtaining significant results in controlled studies. Later it was confirmed by William Boyd in Edinburgh, Published in 1916.
(ii) Botanical investigation: In the United States Wanna -maker conducted experiments to test the effect of sulphur micro-dilutions on the growth of onion plants. The planted seedlings obtained from a commercial grower in large trays, 96seedlings per tray, and added 12X, 24X, 30C, 60X, and 20M sulphur micro-dilutions to the trays. Trays were also set aside as controls. The micro-dilutions were found to affect in a significant way, the weight and dimensions of the onion bulbs and seedlings, and their Ca, Mg, K and Na content.
(iii) Bacteriological investigation: Patternson and Boyd in 1941reported alternation of the Schick test from positive to negative following per oral administration of alum precipitated toxoid 30 C Diptherinum 201 C (made from diphtheria bacillus).
Our potentized drugs act even against pathogenic organisms. In support of this a paper was presented by Dr. Girish Gupta in the scientific session on ‘Viral Infection’ in 10th All India Homoeopathic Congress. During experiments of screening homoeopathic drugs (potentized) against two plant pathogenic fungi (namele Curularia lunata and Alternaria tenuis) in vitro, at National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, a few astonishing results were obtained. Bacillinum (30,00, 1M), Fagopyrum (200, 1M), Sepia (200, 1M) and Petroleum (6, 200, 1M) caused 100% reduction in the growth of A. tenuis and sulphurlod (6, 1M) Petroleum (200) afffforded 100% inhibition in the growth of C. Lunata, both in vitro studies.
(iv) Zoological investigation: In 1976 Van Mansvelt and Amons reported on the effect of mercuric chloride, at dilution as low as 0.9 x 1025 on the proliferation of a mouse lymphoblastic cell strain, growth inhibition was detected down to a level of 0.9x 1017 but the curve, instead of being flat as expected had peaks of toxicity at 105, 106, 1016 and 1017. The authors do not try to explain the finding but call their results a “substantial indication towards some as yet unconceived phenomena which needs further study”.
(v) Investigation using the technique of physics: A paper was published by R.L. Jussal, S.Meera, R.D. Dua and R.K. Mishra. All are the research workers of I.I.T. New Delhi on the subject “Physical effects on the suspending medium by compounds in asymptotically infinite dilution”. Capacitance resistance and dielectric dispertion were measured by a LCR Bridge and by time domain reflectance spectroscopy. H-ion concentration were measured by a digital PH meter and the electrode potentials by non polarizing electrodes. These shows reproducible changeswhich did not vary linearly even on averaging. Attempt is made to explain this on the basis of long- range coherence (Frohlich).
The nuclear magnetic resonance (N.M.R) spectrograms of sulphur tincture to 30X reported by Smith and Boericke show a significant difference in the spectra of the hydroxyl group of the succussed dilutions of sulphur when compared to the alcohol controls. There is little if any change in the CH3 and CH2 alcohol group. These results support our theory that hydroxyl (OH) group is the seat of appropriate modification during the process of dynamization.
Sankaran cities the French physicist Custave de Bon as having demonstrated that sodium chloride in IM potency (equivalent to 1001000 fold dilution) when sprayed into vacuum produced the sodium spectrum.
Homoeopathic veterinary medicine:
The using of Homoeopathy in veterinary medicine is of particular interest.
Bardoulat in 1961 reported on trials of 5C, 7C, and 10C micro dilutions of diphtheria toxin in treating avain diphtheria. In 8 sets of observation on as many flocks of chickens he concluded that the diseased birds healed in about 12 day and that the disease did not spread to the remainder of the flock.
Macleod in 1972 reported on the treatment of pulmonary emphysema, bovine mastitis, bowel odema, vibrionic dysentery and enteric colibacillosis in a variety of farm animals, using remedies from the lowest to the highest potencies. In another article he presented his treatment for infertility in cows, horses, sheep, dogs and cats.
Campbell in 1975 described an interesting series of cases, consisting of three litters from the same mothers guineapig. All were infected with an eye disease at birth, the 4 pups treated with chloramphenicol became almost blind in that eye, while the 4 pups treated homoeopathically recovered completely.
Homoeopathy ,an art : The therapeutic application of homoeopathic scientific principles constitutes an art. Medicine in general and therapeutics in particular are authoritatively classified among arts. From the time immemorial the practice of medicine has been called “ The art of healing” Hence, a cure is a product of art .The homoeopathic mode of case-taking, evaluation of symptoms, its mode of individualization, the choice of remedy, and administration of medicine etc. all are nothing but an art.
So Homoeopathy is both an Art and Science. The successful homoeopathician must be both an artist and a scientist. Theory and practice must go and in hand. Technique must be consistent with profession.
Conclusion : This does not at all mean that Homoeopathy is free from all problems and dark corners and perhaps no science or art can ever reach such a stage of perfection. Although we find that the rapid progress of various natural sciences including Quanium physics, Bio-physics, Psychology and Genetics in recent times in confirming and explaining the various principles and phenomena related with Homoeopathy, still many spots remain illuminated. We are sure that , the science aspect of Homoeopathy will develop steadily paripassu with development of other sciences.
- The Genius of Homoeopathy – By Stuart close. M.D.
- Sharma. R.R. (1982) : ‘Experimental support for Principle of Dynamization’ : The Hahn. Glean. April, 1982.
L. U. Gardner. ‘The Similarity in the lesions produced by Silicia and by the Tubercle Bacillus,’ American Journal of Pathology’ Hahn. Glean. April, 1982.
- Michael Mason and H. L F. Curry. ‘An introduction to clinical Rheumatology.’ Second edition. Hahn. Glean. April, 1982.
- W M Persson,’The principle of Catalysis in Biochemistry and Homoeopathy’, Journal of the American Institute of Homoeopathy.
- W. M. Persson. “Effects of very small amounts of Medicaments and Chemicals on Urease, Diastuse and Trypsin,” Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamic etiqe Therapie”.
- Anna Koffler Wannamaker. “Effects of sulphur Dynamizations on Onions.’ Journal of the American Institute of Homoeopathy. Hahn. Glean. April, 1982.
- Girish Gupta ‘Our Potentized Drugs act even against Pathogenic Organisms’, Hahn. Glean. August, 1982.
- Singh. B. Sundara, Gupta. Girish (1981) : “ Effects of Homoeopathic Drugs on the Growth of A. Tenuis & C. Lunata, the common Leaf Spot Pathogens of Plants’, The Hahn. Glean. September, 1981.